The Halberd and other European Polearms introduction to the pole arms of medieval Europe: from the simple pike through the halberd in its many. The Halberd and Other Polearms of the Late Medieval Period There is an aura about the sword in Europe, where it The polearm was a weapon of the. The halberd and other European pole arms, (Historical arms series ; no. 38). Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 1.

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Other rarities include archaeology findings with 2 or sometimes 3 blades stacked in line on top of a pole, but were generally thought as ceremonial pole arms. The elephant warrior used the ngao like a blade from atop an elephant or horse during battle.

This consisted of a blade mounted on a pole at a right angle. Staff-weapons in Medieval or Renaissance England were lumped together under the generic term “staves” but when dealing with them in detail we are faced with terminological difficulty. Supposed to take great physical prowess to wield in combat due to great weight. Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers. The Military Experience in the Age of Reason.

The Swiss were famous users of the halberd in the medieval and renaissance eras, [22] with various cantons evolving regional variations of the basic form.

The Encyclopedia of Warfare: Looks very similar to a glaive. Originally a Viking weapon, it was adopted by the Anglo-Saxons and Normans in the 11th century, spreading through Europe in the 12th and 13th europeann. Usually it also had a sword-like guard tsuba between the blade and shaft. In the British army, sergeants continued to carry halberds untilwhen halbedr were replaced by pikes with cross bars.

A Guan dao or Kwan tou is a type of Chinese pole weapon. Though the weapon saw frequent use in ancient China, the use of the dagger-axe decreased dramatically after the Qin and Han dynasties.


Eventually weapon makers incorporated the usefulness of the hook in a variety of different pole arms and guisarme became a catch-all for any weapon that included a hook on the blade.

It always has a hook or thorn on the back side of the axe blade for grappling mounted combatants. A naginata consists of a wood shaft with a curved blade on the end; it is descended from the Chinese guan dao.

Pole weapon

This can be due to a number of factors, including uncertainty in original descriptions, changes in weapons or nomenclature through time, mistranslation of terms, and the well-meaning inventiveness of later experts.

While hooks are fine for dismounting horsemen from mounts, they lack the stopping power of a spear especially when dealing with static opponents. These may or may not have been mounted on poles and described by one of more names.

The illustrations often show the weapon being equipped with sword-like quillons. This audio file was created from a revision of the article ” Halberd ” datedand does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.

The Halberd and other European Polearms 1300-1650

This section does not cite polrarms sources. Tue 28 Mar, 1: A fauchard is a type of pole arm which was used in medieval Europe from the 11th through the 14th centuries. Surviving examples have a variety of head forms but there are two main variants, one with the side blades known as flukes or wings branching from the neck of the central blade at 45 degrees, the other with hooked blades curving back towards the haft.

Another possible association is with the “three-grayned staff” [18] listed as being in the armoury halber Henry VIII in [19] though the same list also features 84 rawcons, suggesting the weapons were not identical in 16th century English eyes.


The corseque is usually associated with the rawconranseur and runka. The Renaissance saw a plethora of different varieties. Though it was never widely used as a standard weapon, the woldo saw action on many fronts otheg was considered by many Korean troops to be a versatile weapon.

The halberd and other European polearms —

A glaive is a pole arm consisting of a single-edged tapering blade similar in shape to a modern kitchen knife on the end of a eeuropean. Matthew D M Location: Troops that used the weapon are called halberdiers. Chinese pole arm, a ‘long-handled sabre’, also known as the zhan ma dao horsecutter sabre which has a lighter blade and a ring at the end in that it.

The halberd consists of an axe blade topped with a spike mounted on a long shaft. Lolearms page was last edited on 15 Decemberat The blade bore a moderate to strong curve along its length; however, unlike a bill or guisarme, the cutting edge was on the convex side.

The word halberd is most likely equivalent to the German word Hellebardederiving from Middle High Hlberd halm handle and barte battleaxe joint to helmbarte. The classification of pole weapons can be difficult, and European weapon classifications in particular can be confusing.

It was originally used by the medieval Shilla warriors. Arms and Armour of the Medieval Knight. We must remember too that any particular weapon By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Late 2nd millennium—early 1st millennium BC. Their range and impact force made them effective weapons against armored warriors on horseback, because they could penetrate armor.